Overseas Chinese Affairs Council(OCAC) 中華民國僑務委員會

In October 1926, in response to the government's concern for overseas Chinese affairs, the government established the "Overseas Chinese Affairs Council (OCAC)" directly subordinate to the Nationalist government. In December 1931, the "OCAC Organic Act" was enacted. This measure, which placed the OCAC under the Executive Yuan, specified that the OCAC would have secretariat, overseas Chinese management, and overseas Chinese education departments, as well as sections for document management, general affairs, overseas Chinese guidance, immigration, educational guidance, and cultural affairs. The OCAC was formally established in April 1932.

To promote Chinese language education worldwide, the "Chung Hwa Correspondence School" was established in 1940, providing overseas Chinese with opportunities for advanced studying via correspondence. In addition, to simultaneously disseminate news and information among the overseas Chinese, the government established the "Overseas Chinese News Agency" in April 1941 as a means of issuing news bulletins, compiling reports on overseas Chinese affairs, and the communicating news from the motherland. The Constitution of the ROC enacted by the National Assembly in December 1946 listed overseas Chinese affairs among the ROC's "fundamental national policies," stipulating that the nation should protect and assist in the national economic development of overseas Chinese.

In December 1981, the number of Deputy Ministers was changed from the original two to two or three based on a revision to the OCAC Organic Act. The OCAC Organic Act was revised again in December 2006 to increase OCAC members. In response to the restructuring of the Executive Yuan, the act was further revised in September 2012.The current organization includes a minister, a deputy minister, a vice minister and five departments of Policy Research and Development, Overseas Chinese Network Services, Overseas Chinese Education, Overseas Chinese Business, and Overseas Chinese Student Counseling, as well as five offices of Secretariat, Personnel, Ethics, Accounting and Information Management. Additional divisions include Overseas Chinese News Agency and Legal Affairs Committee.

In March 1985, the OCAC's first "Culture Center of the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office" was established in San Francisco, U.S.A. to serve overseas Chinese. The number of the OCAC's Culture Centers has increased gradually, and a total of seventeen had been established by September 2012, including centers in the U.S., Canada, Brazil, Philippines, and Australia.